Effective agricultural restructuring model in Hung Yen

Wednesday, 2021-08-11 21:59:35
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Tam Da commune, Phu Cu district, Hung Yen province converts crops, from rice to orange according to VietGAP process, bringing about income of VND300 million per hectare a year.
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NDO – Determining that agricultural restructuring is an important task in sustainable agricultural development, the northern province of Hung Yen has focused on directing and implementing many solutions to change small-scale production and extensive farming to the development of modern and highly efficient commodity agricultural production, contributing to raising incomes and improving the living condition of farmers.

Obtained results

Over the past five years, Hung Yen province has developed and promulgated a number of mechanisms and policies to support agricultural and rural development with 6 sectorial master plans and 25 programmes and projects, such as an agricultural development programme towards industrialisation, modernisation, high added value and sustainability; a chain link development scheme in agricultural production; a livestock and aquatic breeding project; the One Commune One Product (OCOP) project; a project on plant varieties, the establishment of economic cooperation organisations; a project on land accumulation; and a project on developing concentrated fruit and flower tree production areas.

In addition, the province has issued policies to maximise investment resources in the field of agriculture and rural development; encouraging enterprises to invest in agricultural and rural areas; supporting production development and mechanisation; encouraging collective economic development; supporting trade promotion and product consumption; and promoting production linkage by chain.

Programmes, schemes, mechanisms and policies to encourage the development of agricultural production have helped farmers change the structure of crops and livestock, and access and apply advanced scientific and technical solutions into agricultural production.

In the 2016-2020 period, Hung Yen province converted 9,700 hectares of land for planting low-efficient crops to planting annual and perennial crops, combining livestock and aquaculture for high economic efficiency, such as growing flowers and ornamental plants, bringing income from VND800 million-1 billion per hectare in Xuan Quan and Phung Cong communes, Van Giang district; fruit trees with incomes of VND250-700 million per hectare in Khoai Chau, Kim Dong, Phu Cu districts, Hung Yen city; and aquaculture for income from VND150-200 million per hectare in An Thi district.

The province has built over 500 models of large-scale fields to produce rice and winter crops in accordance with the value chain. Notably, Minh Hai commune in Van Lam district cooperated with the Agriculture and International Trade Joint Stock Company to produce 20 hectares of THP 16 rice varieties; Tho Vinh commune in Kim Dong district cooperated with the Dai Duong Company to produce 44 hectares of DD2 rice varieties; Nhat Tan commune, Tien Lu district cooperated with the Thai Binh Seed Company to produce 125 hectares of KD18 rice varieties.

Advanced and environmentally friendly production processes have been popularised and replicated, with more than 2,188 hectares of vegetables and fruits of all kinds being produced according to VietGAP processes. There are 83 models of safe vegetable, fruit, meat and fish product chains. Many localities have exploited their strengths to expand their fruit-growing area to serve domestic consumption and exports. Positive changes have been made in terms of production structures in the cultivation industry, increasing the proportion of fruit trees, flowers, ornamental plants and medicinal plants with high economic efficiency.

Farmers in Tan Hung commune, Hung Yen city, Hung Yen province grow longan according to VietGAP process, bringing about income of VND250 million per hectare a year.

Livestock production has thrived with a focus on the VietGAP model. Hung Yen province has 4 GAHP breeding areas with 1,000 members. The livestock industry has formed a number of models to link the production and consumption of products between enterprises and livestock households, initially stabilising consumption and increasing income for farmers, such as: linking the Vinamilk Dairy Company with dairy farming households and implementing all dairy products for farmers in Van Giang, Khoai Chau and Kim Dong districts, linkages between farm owners and agents providing livestock breeds, animal feed, agents and companies supplying veterinary drugs; etc. Hung Yen province has 160 models of large-scale production cooperation, 70 OCOP products have been recognised as between 3 stars to 4 stars; and 83 models of production and consumption chains of agricultural products operating effectively.

The initial successes in agricultural restructuring in Hung Yen have brought about many achievements to the agricultural sector: the province’s total agricultural and fishery production value has grown at an average rate of 2.87% per year; by 2020, the value obtained per hectare will reach over VND210 million, an increase of VND60 million per hectare compared to 2015; per capita income in rural areas in Hung Yen province in 2020 reached over VND50 million a year, an increase of VND21 million compared to 2015; the province's poverty rate has been reduced to 1.48%.

New goals and missions

In the coming years, Hung Yen province will continue to restructure and develop the agricultural sector in an effective and sustainable manner; as well as focusing on exploiting and promoting the advantages of the province; to build and develop large-scale specialised cultivation areas with high technology application; maintain growth, improve efficiency and competitiveness through increased productivity, quality and added value.

Infrastructure will be further developed to serve centralised, modern and clean agricultural production. The value of agricultural and fishery production in the 2021-2025 period is expected to increase by an average of 2.0% - 2.5% per year. By 2025, the industry's internal production value structure will be - Cultivation 40%, Livestock 57%, Agricultural services 3%; the structure by groups of plants and animals: Food 14%, Vegetables and fruits, industrial plants 26%, Livestock and aquaculture 60%. The average value obtained on one hectare of cultivation will be over VND250 million. By 2025, sufficient water supply will be ensured for 100% of agricultural production land in the province; and good agricultural practices (GAP) will be expanded. By 2030, the value of agricultural and fishery production in the 2026-2030 period will have increased on average from 2.0% - 2.5% per year; the average income of people in rural areas will have reached over VND100 million per person a year. Highly efficient, safe and sustainable commodity agriculture will be developed.

PHAM HA