In the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2014 conducted in collaboration with the General Statistics Office (GSO) and relevant agencies, the UN says Vietnam still has an unfinished agenda in protecting vulnerable children and women.
Speaking at the launch on September 4, the GSO’s Deputy Director General Nguyen Van Lieu said the report provided important data and analysis that reflect achievements of Vietnam’s development goals.
He added that the survey was a critical data collection tool that should be included in Vietnam’s national survey schedule in order to regularly monitor the situation of children in Vietnam.
UNICEF Representative in Vietnam Youssouf Abdel-Jelil said the survey was a joint contribution to the data revolution that is called for in the lead to Sustainable Development Goals.
According to the report, for every 1,000 live births, 20 children die before their fifth birthday and in rural areas, under-five mortality is at 22 per 1,000 live births. Ethnic minority groups have the highest rate at 34 deaths per 1,000 live births.
The percentage of infants under six months of age who are exclusively breastfed has increased from 17 to 24% over the last five years and more than 82% of children aged 12-23 months are fully vaccinated.
The report says nearly 94% of Vietnamese women deliver their babies with the assistance of skilled birth attendants but the rate is only two thirds among women from ethnic minority groups.
The report also notes that 92% of the population has access to improved sources of drinking water but disparities remain between ethnic minority groups and the Kinh - the largest ethnic group in Vietnam.
In education, only 2% of children across the country are out of school at the primary education level. The rate is higher at 4.5% in the Central Highlands and the northern mountainous region.