World News in Brief: August 8

Cambodian Prime Minister Samdech Techo Hun Sen said on Monday that the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) free trade agreement, which entered into force earlier this year, will be a booster for regional and global economic recovery in the post-COVID-19 pandemic.

Over 5.5 million vehicles have been registered with Sri Lanka's national fuel pass or QR code system, Minister of Power and Energy Kanchana Wijesekera said on Monday.
Over 5.5 million vehicles have been registered with Sri Lanka's national fuel pass or QR code system, Minister of Power and Energy Kanchana Wijesekera said on Monday.

* Israel and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad militant group declared a truce late on Sunday, raising hopes of an end to the most serious flare-up on the Gaza frontier in more than a year.

* UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres on Sunday welcomed the announcement of a cease-fire in Gaza and Israel, said his spokesman.

* Chad's transitional authorities and rebel groups signed a peace agreement in Doha on Monday ahead of a broad national reconciliation dialogue to take place later this month.

* The Kremlin said on Monday there was no basis for a meeting between the Russian and Ukrainian presidents at the moment. Negotiations between Moscow and Kyiv have been stalled for months, with each side blaming the other for a lack of progress.

* Efforts to bring Ukrainian grain to international markets via the Black Sea have gone into a higher gear as the inspections of the second caravan of ships off Istanbul were concluded on Sunday.

* Ukraine and Russia exchanged accusations on Sunday over a fresh strike on the Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant in southern Ukraine.

* Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky tweeted on Sunday he had discussed the situation at the Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant (NPP) in southern Ukraine with European Council President Charles Michel.

* Asian share markets were mostly softer on Monday and the dollar held firm after a stunning US payrolls report pushed back against talk of recession but also bolstered the case for more super-sized rate hikes.

* Tensions are mounting ahead of this year's U.N. climate summit, as vulnerable countries ramp up demands for rich countries to pay compensation for losses inflicted on the world’s poorest people by climate change.

* The Omani government posted a budget surplus of 784 million rials (2.04 billion USD) at the end of first half of 2022, Oman's state news agency reported on Sunday.

* Cuba sought on Sunday to bring under control a fire at its main oil storage facility that has killed one firefighter, drawing on help from Mexico and Venezuela to fight the raging flames.

* China's Ministry of Water Resources on Sunday dispatched five work teams to Hebei, Tianjin, Shanxi and Shaanxi to provide instructions on downpour and flood prevention.

* France on Sunday braced for a fourth heatwave this summer as its worst drought on record left parched villages without safe drinking water and farmers warned of a looming milk shortage in the winter.

* Over 4,000 hectares of land have been destroyed in seven wildfires that are still burning in the autonomous community of Galicia in northwestern Spain, according to local firefighting services on Sunday.

* Portugal registers 70 municipalities in northern and central regions of the country in "maximum danger of rural fire," the Portuguese Institute for Sea and Atmosphere (IPMA) reported on Sunday.

* China's Shanghai and Shenzhen reported zero new locally transmitted COVID-19 infections for Sunday, the same as a day earlier.

* India reported 16,167 new cases of COVID-19 during the past 24 hours, taking the total tally to 44,161,899 in the country, according to federal health ministry data released on Monday morning.

* Russia reported 20,303 new daily coronavirus cases on Sunday, authorities said, the highest such figure since March 28. Forty-four people in Russia died of coronavirus over the last day, the country's taskforce against COVID-19 said.

* Hundreds of thousands of partygoers flocked to Amsterdam on Saturday for the return of the city's Pride canal parade after two years of cancellations due to pandemic-related restrictions.

* Childbirth in the spring of 2022 in Sweden reached the lowest level in more than two decades, according to figures issued by Statistics Sweden on Sunday.

* Researchers from Australia's Monash University have completed a study of vaccine-associated myocarditis risk in adolescents, showing that risks are "mild" and outweighed by the long-term risks of COVID-19.