In an article published on the occasion of the 75th founding anniversary of the VPA (December 22, 1944), the Party and State leader stressed that those accomplishments were the results of multiple factors, of which the Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV)’s comprehensive, absolute and sound leadership is a decisive one.
Trong, who is also Secretary of the Central Military Commission, said the Party has flexibly applied Marxism-Leninism and President Ho Chi Minh’s thought to build a new-style army that suits the specific situation in Vietnam. The Party also affirmed the inevitable need to turn the army into the key force in the cause of national liberation and defence.
During the resistance war against the invading French colonialists, the VPA won glorious feat of arms, including the 1953-1954 Winter-Spring Campaign with the peak of the Dien Bien Phu victory that forced the French government to sign the Geneva Accords in 1954, ending the war and restoring peace in Indochina.
This was the first time in the contemporary history that an army equipped with rudimentary weapons had defeated a professional counterpart, which marked the beginning of the collapse of colonialism and provided a strong boost to the national liberation movement in the world, he stressed.
In the anti-US war, the VPA, along with the entire Party and people consecutively foiled war strategies. Such great victories won by the Vietnamese army and people drove the US to sign the Paris Peace Accords that committed to put an end to the war, and created a premise for the General Offensive and Uprising in the spring of 1975, culminating with the historic Ho Chi Minh Campaign, leading to the full liberation of South Vietnam, national reunification and the end of the 30-year resistance war, the top leader said.
Not only fighting to liberate their own country, with a pure proletarian international spirit, the VPA has also stood side by side with armed forces of Laos and Cambodia in the fight against common enemies.
Right after the anti-US war ended, the VPA immediately embarked on another fierce battle to protect the national border and performed its international mission of helping Cambodian people escape from genocide.
During the cause of national construction and defence in the renewal period, the army has carried forward its role in combat and production, while serving as an advisor of the Party and the State in military, national defence and drafting strategic guidelines for national protection.
At the same time, it has made outstanding performance in defence diplomacy, contributing to building a peaceful and stable environment for national building and development, Trong said.
Over the past 75 years, in any revolutionary period, even the toughest time, the CPV has maintained its comprehensive, absolute and direct leadership over the VPA.
This is an important factor for the success of national building and safeguarding, and also the decisive factor for the growth, combat capacity and triumph of the army, he said.
The Party General Secretary pointed out that unforeseeable and complex developments are lying ahead in the regional and global situation, along with increasing traditional and non-traditional security challenges and fierce strategic competition between world powers.
The East Sea issue also contains many unexpected risks, he said, adding that the trend of connectivity, globalisation and the Fourth Industrial Revolution have been exerting profound impacts on all countries in various spheres.
Inside the country, the macro economy has been stabilised but not quite sustainably. Although Vietnam’s internal strength has been consolidated and its prestige and position in the international arena has been rising, the country still faces a range of difficulties and challenges.
The Party leader also called attention to the fact that hostile forces have stepped up the so-called “peace process,” “self-evolution,” “self-transformation,” “depoliticisation,” and “civilisation” of the army, especially after, during and before all-level Party congresses and the 13th National Party Congress.
The cause of national construction and defence goes with heavy requirements, with the struggle to safeguard the country’s sovereignty over its sea, islands and territorial integrity forecast to be a tough, long-term and complex one.
In 2020 and the years to come, the VPA will have to take tougher tasks, he said, requiring the Party maintain and enhance its absolute, direct and comprehensive leadership over the VPA in order to help the army complete its missions.
“We believe that with its 75-year history of building and fighting under the Party leadership, the VPA will continue to write more glorious historical pages for the nation,” he concluded.