Ensuring progress, equity and social welfare

Nhan Dan introduces an excerpt from a speech delivered by Dao Ngoc Dung, Minister of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs, at the 13th National Party Congress.

Dao Ngoc Dung, Minister of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs
Dao Ngoc Dung, Minister of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs

A recent survey released by the Party Central Committee’s Commission for Communication and Education on people’s trust in social policies in the 2016-2020 period showed that 72% of people had a positiveassessment on social policies and policies towards national contributors and 68% of people had a positiveassessment on hunger eradication, poverty reduction and job creation, up 13 places compared to the previous period.

The results demonstrate the sound guidelines and policies of the Party and State and the preeminence of the socialist regime in our country as well as the leadership of Party committees and authorities at all levels and the active participation of the people.

In the future, we need to focus on building a system of social policies in accordance with the Resolution of the 13th Party Congress and solidify the 2013 Constitution in accordance with future development trends and international standards in the context of deep international integration.

To achieve the goal of sustainable social development, improvements to the competitiveness capacity of human resources, social progress, equity, and social security, the Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs proposesthe following tasks:

Firstly, the ministry will implement policies regarding revolutionary contributors according to the principles of compensation, dedication, contribution, and fairness to ensure that revolutionary contributors and their families will have a living standard higher than the average living standard of locals in their locality.

Secondly, policies on sustainable poverty reduction will continue to be implemented in alignment with creating sustainable livelihoods for the poor, narrowing the incomegap, and improving living conditions of the poor compared to the national average.

Thirdly, the quality of human resources should be improved on the basis of innovating education and training. The rate of trained employees with degrees and certificates is expected to increase to 30% - 35% by 2025 and to 40% - 45% by 2030.

Fourthly, it is necessary to develop a healthy, modern, integrated, and competitive labour market withsustainable job creation for young and middle-aged workers. The urban unemployment rate is expected to be kept below 4% while the number of employees working in the agricultural sector will be reduced to below 25% by 2025 and below 20% by 2030.

Fifth, it is advisable to build a multi-tiered, flexible, modern, and integrated social insurance system with thecoverage of voluntary social insurance having reached60% by 2030. Meanwhile, universal health insurance will be expanded and the quality of grassroots and preventive medicine should be improved.

Sixth, it is necessary to increase the rate of beneficiaries of social assistance to 3.5% of the population by 2025 and 4% by 2030 with the diversification of professional social assistance services to ensures that no one is left behind.

Seventh, social housing programmes should be promoted while ensuring clean water for rural people, improving the quality of information and communication for remote, ethnic minority, mountainous and island areas.

To perform the above-mentioned tasks well, it is necessary to consider the solutions including institutionalising the Resolution of the 13th Party Congress, completing social policies in a comprehensive and synchronous manner, modernising management systems, increasing resources for implementing social policies with the leading role of the State and improving the quality of social service delivery and professional social work with the participation of the private sector in providing social services, among others.