The country adopted some of the strictest border controls in the world when the Omicron variant emerged late last year, banning all new entry by non-Japanese, including students and foreign family members of Japanese or permanent residents, unless in exceptional circumstances.
"Thanks to the toughest border rules in the G7 nations, we've been able to keep the spread of Omicron to a minimal level, giving us time to prepare to deal with domestic infection," Kishida Fumio told reporters.
"We'll maintain the current framework of measures until the end of February for the time being, while taking necessary measures from the perspective of humanitarian and national interests."
Kishida added that while much remains unknown about Omicron, it appears that the risk of serious cases is lower. Still, he said the country would start vaccinating children under age 12 for the coronavirus.
A surge of new coronavirus cases in many parts of the nation to levels not seen since September prompted the government to reintroduce emergency restrictions in three parts of the country that host US military bases over the weekend.
Though entrance to Japan is currently limited to citizens and permanent residents, even they face strict testing and quarantine rules. The US military has moved staff in and out under a separate testing and quarantine regime.
The United States over the weekend agreed to impose stricter COVID-19 measures at US military bases in Japan, amid concerns that outbreaks at bases have fuelled infection in local communities.