General Le Duc Anh was born on December 1, 1920, in Truong Ha village, Phu Vang district, the central province of Thua Thien – Hue. His native homeland was in Ban Mon village, Loc An commune, Phu Loc district. He was born into a family with generations working the farm in a land with rich traditions of patriotism and fighting against foreign invaders.
Witnessing the life of slavery of his fellow countrymen under the domination of colonialism and feudalism, comrade Le Duc Anh actively participated in movements launched by the Phu Vang district’s Democratic Front and managed rubber unions in Loc Ninh. He became a member of the Indochinese Communist Party (now the Communist Party of Vietnam) in May, 1938. He made great contributions to the August Revolution 1945. After the August Revolution1945, he joined the Army and began his military career.
Experiencing the country’s two resistance wars, against the French colonists and US imperialists, he equipped himself with strong will and capacities, making significant contributions while serving in the different positions that were entrusted to him by the Party, State and the army.
He directed participated and commanded many major campaigns, including the General Offensive and Uprising in Spring 1968, the historic Ho Chi Minh Campaign in April 1975, the southwest border defence war, and the Vietnamese army’s mission in Cambodia to help them fight against the Pol Pot genocidal regime.
From 1976 to 1980, he was entrusted to serve as commander and of Military Zone 9, and also as commander and political commissar of Military Zone 7. In 1981, he was promoted to Senior Lieutenant General, and then appointed as deputy minister of National Defence and commander of the Vietnamese voluntary soldier force in Cambodia in June of the same year. At the fifth Party National Congress in 1982, he was elected to the Party Central Committee and became a member of the Politburo.
In 1984, he was promoted to General of the VPA and was entrusted to many important positions in the army, including Chief of the General Staff of the Vietnamese People’s Army in 1986, and Defence Minister and Vice Secretary of the Party’s Central Military Commission in 1987. He was elected as Politburo member and Secretary of Party Central Committee at the seventh Party National Congress
in 1991. On September 23, 1992, he was elected as president of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam by the 9th National Assembly.As a prominent military commander, General Le Duc Anh made great contributions to the country’s revolutionary cause as his life was strongly attached with the revolutionary career of the Party, the nation and the Army. He fought on many fierce battlefields during the country’s two resistance wars against French colonialists and US imperialists, as well as the southwest border defence war, and the Vietnamese army’s mission in Cambodia to help the neighbouring country overthrow the Pol Pot genocidal regime.
Serving as the President of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam at a time when the country was in its first stage to carry out the Doi Moi (Reform) policy, comrade Le Duc Anh, together with the leaders of the Party and the State, brought forward many important policies in domestic and foreign affairs, contributing to lifting the country out of crisis, promoting economic development, improving people's livelihood, and consolidating and maintaining national defence and security.
With more than 80 years in the revolutionary movement, in any working position, in any circumstance, comrade Le Duc Anh showed his absolute loyalty to the Party and the Fatherland, country and wholehearted with the people, upholding the morality of a Communist Party member, and tried his best to accomplish every task and position he was entrusted.
The passing away of former President, General Le Duc Anh is a great loss to the Party, the State and Vietnamese people. He left us with an unforgettable image of a great politician, a prominent military leader, a man of action who always kept to his word, a creative thinker, and a resilient, strong-willed revolutionary soldier.
With great compassion for the former President, General Le Duc Anh – a resilient revolutionary soldier who was whole-hearted to the revolutionary cause of the Party and the country, we will firmly step forward on the revolutionary path that the Party and Vietnamese people have chosen, to promote the national renewal, industrialisation and modernisation process, thus successfully constructing and defending the Socialist Fatherland of Vietnam.