Paris Peace Accords: a brilliant milestone of Vietnamese revolution

Fifty years ago, on January 27, 1973, the Paris Agreement on Ending the War and Restoring Peace in Vietnam was formally signed, marking a significant milestone in the glorious revolution of the Vietnamese people and Vietnamese diplomacy.
The signing ceremony of the the Paris Agreement on Ending the War and Restoring Peace in Vietnam. (File Photo)
The signing ceremony of the the Paris Agreement on Ending the War and Restoring Peace in Vietnam. (File Photo)

The Paris Agreement is the first most complete and comprehensive international legal document recognising the fundamental rights of Vietnamese people and is international recognition of Vietnam’s independence, unification, and territorial integrity.

This great victory is the crystallisation of the unwavering struggle of the Vietnamese people on the military, political and diplomatic fronts.

The Paris Agreement is strategically significant in that it created a new situation for the Vietnamese armed forces and people to advance and topple the Saigon regime, with the pinnacle being the historic Ho Chi Minh Campaign that fully liberated the southern region and reunified the country, opening an era of peace, independence, unification, and development in Vietnam.

Not only was it a victory for the Vietnamese people, the Paris Agreement was also a victory for peace-loving people around the world, helping to reinforce the confidence of the oppressed people in the righteous struggle for independence, freedom, peace and justice. The victory of the Paris Agreement and the US withdrawal from Vietnam made significant contributions to the Lao and Cambodian people’s liberation cause, helping to open a new period in Southeast Asia - a period of peace and stability, closing the past and looking towards building the ASEAN Community.

The nearly five years of unwavering struggle on the military, political and diplomatic fronts to reach the victory of signing the Paris Agreement left many profound lessons of great meaning to the current situation. They are the lessons of a consistent foreign policy of independence and self-reliance, for the benefit of the country and people; national unity and international solidarity, the combination of national strength with the strength of the time; and proactiveness and activeness in building the diplomatic force, in which cadre is a key part.

And above all is the lesson about the Party’s unified and absolute leadership over the Vietnamese people’s revolutionary cause in the general, especially the diplomatic front.

The lessons from the Paris Conference - a heroic stage in Vietnamese history - are valuable properties for Vietnam to firmly advance to the period of international integration, deepening the friendship and cooperation with all partners in a stable and sustainable manner, thereby reinforcing and enhancing the country’s position and strength. Implementing the Party’s reform guideline on foreign relations, Vietnam has reaped many proud achievements in foreign relations and diplomacy.

From a state of being embargoed, Vietnam has built and cemented its open external relations of multilateralisation and diversification conducive for the cause of reform. Vietnam has the means to create a favourable international environment and has mobilised external resources to step up industrialisation, modernisation and socio-economic development. In the past years, external relations have played a pioneering role in ensuring a peaceful and stable environment, making an important contribution to firmly defending the country’s independence, sovereignty, unification, and territorial integrity.

Vietnam’s position and reputation in the region and the world are increasingly enhanced, helping to maintain peace, development cooperation and progress in the world. Such results have made significant contributions to the country’s historic achievements after more than 30 years of reform. Vietnam has become a middle-income country with enhanced international position and reputation, socio-political stability, a dynamic economy, independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity, and an improved standard of living.

Half a century have passed since the signing of the Paris Agreement but the lessons from this glorious period have remained valuable today, becoming the philosophy and consistent viewpoint in the Party and State’s foreign policy during the cause of reform, national development, and defence today.

We strongly believe that building on the spirit and outcome of the Paris Conference, Vietnam will continue to record greater and more comprehensive achievements during the current cause of reform and international integration and stay firm on the path towards socialism.