World News in Brief: October 16

Chinese President Xi Jinping, also general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) called on all members of the CPC to strive in unity to build a modern socialist China in all respects as the 20th CPC National Congress opened Sunday.
The number of dengue fever cases keeps on growing in Pakistan as one death was reported in the South Asian country.
The number of dengue fever cases keeps on growing in Pakistan as one death was reported in the South Asian country.

* The Cambodian government, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), and the United Nations World Food Program (WFP) on Sunday called for greater investment in the transformation of food systems to ensure food and nutrition security and to cope with shocks and crises, according to a joint statement.

* British Prime Minister Liz Truss is in charge of the government, her newly appointed finance minister Jeremy Hunt said, rejecting the idea that the party should replace her after a tumultuous start to her term in office.

* Oman's energy ministry has said on Sunday that OPEC+ decisions are based on purely economic considerations, realities of supply and demand in the market.

* Protestors clashed with police in the Tunisian capital of Tunis on Saturday, for the second night after a man died from injuries sustained during a police chase in August.

* The spokesman of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) said on Saturday that uranium enrichment constitutes only part of Iran's nuclear activities, but the "enemies" seek to solely highlight it.

* The defence ministry in Minsk on Sunday said just under 9,000 Russian troops would be stationed in Belarus as part of a "regional grouping" of forces to protect its borders.

* Gazprom GAZP.MM CEO Alexei Miller on Sunday said plans to cap the price of Russian gas exports would cause supplies to be halted.

* Iran is opposed to the deployment of foreign forces to the Caucasus region, the Iranian Foreign Ministry's website reported on Sunday.

* Egypt has finalised a staff-level agreement with the international monetary fund (IMF) on the components of its programme, and will issue an announcement "very soon," the country's finance minister said on Sunday.

* The Lebanese army said on Sunday that Israeli gunboats violated Lebanese territorial waters several times on Saturday in an area opposite Ras Naqura near the border between the two countries, an accusation Israel denied.

* French President Emmanuel Macron on Saturday promised to follow up French energy giant Total's oil and gas exploration in Lebanon to ensure its continuous work, a statement by Lebanon's Presidency reported.

* The Australian Defence Force (ADF) has been deployed to aid in the response to catastrophic flooding in the country's second most populated state. Prime Minister Anthony Albanese on Sunday toured flood-affected areas in Victoria.

* Turkey denied involvement in an incident where Greece found 92 illegal migrants close to its northern border with Turkey, Turkish Deputy Interior Minister Ismail Catakli said late on Saturday.

* Thousands of people took to the streets of Paris on Sunday to protest against soaring prices as weeks of strikes for higher wages at oil refineries spurred demands for a general strike.

* Iran's judiciary said that four prisoners have been killed and 61 others were injured on Sunday after a fire broke out at Tehran's Evin prison overnight, the official state news agency IRNA reported.

* The death toll rose to 40 in an underground coal mine explosion in the northern Bartin province of Türkiye that trapped 110 workers, Turkish Interior Minister Suleyman Soylu said on Saturday.

* Pakistan currently stands at a critical moment as it is embarking on a road to recovery in the aftermath of climate change-induced devastating floods, Pakistani Prime Minister Shahbaz Sharif said in marking World Food Day.

* Three people have died and over 55,000 people from 13,902 families have been affected by floods and landslides in Sri Lanka in the past 72 hours, the Disaster Management Center (DMC) said Sunday.

* An earthquake of magnitude 6.4 struck off the coast of Central America on Sunday, the European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre said. The quake was at a depth of 2 km (1.24 miles), EMSC said.