World News in Brief: September 7

Indonesia's President Joko Widodo said on Wednesday he had ordered provincial governments to use their budgets to rein in transportation costs and counter the inflationary impact of last week's fuel price hike on Southeast Asia's biggest economy.
The United States is likely to start recommending COVID-19 vaccines annually, health officials said on Tuesday, as new boosters designed to fight currently circulating variants of the coronavirus roll out.
The United States is likely to start recommending COVID-19 vaccines annually, health officials said on Tuesday, as new boosters designed to fight currently circulating variants of the coronavirus roll out.

* United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres on Tuesday called for a demilitarized zone around the Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant in Ukraine, to prevent a nuclear catastrophe in the Chornobyl-affected nation.

* Chilean President Gabriel Boric on Tuesday replaced six cabinet ministers after voters rejected the proposed new constitution in a referendum Sunday. He called on the new government to continue reconciliation efforts to push forward the process of drafting a new constitution.

* Peru's President Pedro Castillo on Tuesday hosted the Latin American and Caribbean's first conference on United Nations peacekeeping operations, aiming to promote greater regional participation in such UN missions.

* China's foreign exchange reserves totaled 3.0549 trillion USD at the end of August, down 49.2 billion USD from July, data from the State Administration of Foreign Exchange showed Wednesday.

* The Cambodian government collected 16,430 billion riels (about 4 billion USD) in revenue from taxation and customs during the first eight months of 2022, said a press statement from the Ministry of Economy and Finance on Wednesday.

* Myanmar earned an estimate 302 million USD from its exportation of 889,991 metric tons of rice and broken rice to foreign trade partners within the first five months of this financial year 2022-2023, the state-run the Global New Light of Myanmar reported on Wednesday.

* Russia will post a budget surplus this year, President Vladimir Putin said on Wednesday, forecasting a much shallower economic contraction than previously thought as Russia has overcome the worst impact of Western sanctions.

* Data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) on Wednesday showed the country's gross domestic product (GDP) grew 0.9 percent in the second quarter this year and 3.6 percent in the 12 months to June.

* India is keen to boost cooperation with Russia, particularly in the areas of energy and coking coal, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said on Wednesday.

* European Union members Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia have reached agreement to restrict the entry of Russian citizens travelling from Russia and Belarus, their foreign ministers said on Wednesday.

* President Vladimir Putin said on Wednesday that Russia would resume gas supplies to Germany through the Nord Stream 1 pipeline as soon as a key turbine was returned, and rejected Western claims that Moscow used gas as a weapon.

* Gas storage facilities in the Netherlands have been filled to 80% capacity ahead of a European Union target date of Nov. 1, the Dutch Economy Ministry said on Wednesday.

* Citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) will soon be able to enter Türkiye with an ID card instead of a passport, and vice versa, said the Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan on Tuesday in Sarajevo.

* India's technology hub of Bengaluru was gearing up for more heavy rain on Wednesday after a brief respite from severe flooding, as authorities stepped up efforts to evacuate people and pump water out of inundated areas.

* Eighteen more people have died in Pakistan, authorities said on Wednesday, taking to 1,343 the toll in unprecedented floods that have inundated more than a third of the South Asian nation, making hundreds of thousands homeless.

* At least 15 people died in western Uganda after their homes were buried in a landslide triggered by torrential rains, the Red Cross said on Wednesday, as emergency workers shovelled through mud in search of survivors.

* A Palestinian was killed on Wednesday by Israeli soldiers in al-Far'a refugee camp near the city of Tubas in the northeastern West Bank, Palestinian medics and local sources said.

* India announced Wednesday the banning of the storage, sale and use of firecrackers in the capital city of New Delhi ahead of the Hindu festival Diwali, a local government official said.

* Portugal has raised 46.2 million euros (45.9 million USD) for health research and development projects from 2021 to August this year, the Agency for Clinical Research and Biomedical Innovation (AICIB) said Tuesday.

* The European Union said on Wednesday it had secured an additional 170,920 doses of the monkeypox vaccine developed by biotech firm Bavarian Nordic BAVA.CO amid concerns about the outbreak of the disease.

* Germany will soon drop mask requirements on commercial flights, Health Minister Karl Lauterbach said, after airline Lufthansa LHAG.DE complained that the rule was no longer enforceable.

* Individuals in high-risk groups, and healthcare workers should be prioritized when the latest adapted COVID-19 vaccines are rolled out before the autumn, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) said on Tuesday.

* The Italian Medicines Agency (AIFA) on Tuesday gave its approval to the distribution of two coronavirus vaccines specifically tailored to confront the spread of the Omicron variant of the virus.

VNA, Reuters, Xinhua